OCCUPATION SAFETY, HEALTH & ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT.
Safety is Gainful and Accident is painful:Safety means S-seek advice and help, A-Advocate protection, follow instructions, E-ensure high-visibility,T-Teamwork, always,Y-yield zero casualties. Safety is a condition which gives us freedom from injury, damage and loss to material or property damage and even death.
Tool Box Talk Conduct:1.Start by greeting, 2.Tell some lines on importance of safety, 3.Tell something about housekeeping, 4. Describe the job and job steps in short, 5.Discuss on hazard and risks which are in the job and tell precautions measures and safe work practice,6.Tell about importace of PPEs, 7. Tell about all tools and equipment used in the job.8.Discuss on hazard related to the tools and tell what are the prevention measures,9.Discuss on previous incidents,10. If possible show videoclip in week.11. Introduce some examples for better understanding of hazards and their harm.12 Do not forget to ask suggestion of workers safety, 13.Appreciate them whose behavior is good in safety.14.Give chance to workers to tell any queries and problem regarding safety.
Work to permit: A work permit is a written record issued by authorized personal permitting a specific task for specific time frame on defined area.Types of work permit: Work permit is simply categories in 3 types depending on the nature of hazards.1.Hot work(Red), welding,Cutting, Grinding etc,2.Cold work (Blue), Excavation,painting,casting etc, 3. Heigh risk (Orance), heavy lifting, Stacking etc.Validity of work permit: Hot Work Permit: Valid for 24 hours if there is no changes happens in 24 hours.Cold work permit: Valid for 3 to 7 days if there is no changes 3 to 7 days. High risk permit:Valid for a single work new permit will issue for next.
PPE:1. Head Protection/Safety Helmet,2. Hand Protection/Safety Gloves, 3.Eye Protection/ Safety Google.4.Face Protection/ Safety mask, 5.Hearing Protection/Air muf, 6.Body Protection/Coverall, 7.Foot Protection/ Safety shoe.8. Height and access protection/ Safety harness.9.Respiratoty Protection/ Safety Breathing.
P & M inspection: Crane checklist Inspection
Monthly Inspection:1. Inspection Tag, 2.Contractor work Training, 3.Site Specific training, 4.Mock Drill, 5.Electrical inspection,6. workmen camp inspection, 7.PPEs Inspection, 8. housekeeping Campaign,9.EHS alert Training.
Accident: is unexpected or unplanned event which may or may not result in injury or damage or property loss or death.Accidents are unfortunate. Following are the effects of accidents on various elements of society.1.effect of worker,2.Effect of industry, 3.Effect of family, Effect of management.
1.Effect of worker: a. Injury to body, b.Loss of skills,c.Loss of job, d.Loss of life,e. Financial Loss, f.Leave of recovery.
2.Effect of Industry: a.Production stoppage,b.Bad message to other worker.c.Reputation is lowered,d.Financial loss compensating the affected,e.Extra cost on recovery of machine.
3.Effect of family:a. loss of earning member, b.hospitalization related time and money losses,c.Attention patient needs,d.stability of family is disturbed.e.Feeling insecurity, f.Other family members may lose working hours after accident of their family member.
4.Effect of Management:a.time to solve the case,b.faith of workers disturbed,c status among competitors is affected,d.issues related to court, police, hospital and compensation,e. More attentiveness become necessary in future.
Causes of accident from human fault:
- Taking shortcut,2.Starting a task with incomplete instruction,3.Poor Housekeeping,5.Ignoring safety procedure,6. Mental distraction from work, 7.failure to preplan the job.
Monthly Activity Plan:
|Submision of EHS Docs|
|PPE At Store|
|P& M Inspection|
|Inspection tools and Tackes|
|Evaluation of legal Compliance|
|Induction of workmen|
|Power Tool Inspection|
|EHS Inspection of Office area|
|PPE At Store|
|Induction of workmen|
|Induction of workmen|
|Monthly motivational awards|
|Preparation of Monthly Report|
The safety induction program is a medium to introduce the new workers about the site or workplace. The safety induction program is very important for new workers/employees, in this induction program, new workers/employees are given information about the site/workplace. In this program, the workers are told about the work to be done on the site and what is the danger/hazard in that work and their safety measures, what are the safety regulations on the worksite, first-Aid station location, Fire station, Emergency contact number, emergency assembly point, etc.
- Company Activity (Construction, production, maintenance, etc.)
- Company organization structure
- Company policy
- Work-site/workplace layout
- Company goal and achievement in safety
- Safety norms/regulation at the workplace
- Goverment law about safety
- Major hazards and their safety measures
- Mandatory/job-specific PPE
- Discuss on previous accident/incident
- Welfare facilities.
- Emergency Assembly point
- Emergency contact number
- First-aid station location
Benefits of safety induction program:
- Workers understand the safety regulation and safety culture at work site
- Workers are educated company policy and norms
- Understanding of government law about safety
- Understanding what to do at the time of emergency
- Understanding worksite hazards and their safety measures
- Understanding company goal about safety
- Understanding overall safety requirements/PPE at the worksite.</h1>
PPE At Store:1. Head Protection/Safety Helmet,2. Hand Protection/Safety Gloves, 3.Eye Protection/ Safety Google.4.Face Protection/ Safety mask, 5.Hearing Protection/Air muf, 6.Body Protection/Coverall, 7.Foot Protection/ Safety shoe.8. Height and access protection/ Safety harness.9.Respiratoty Protection/ Safety Breathing.
Scaffolding: is temporary work platforms to provide support for men and materials used in maintenance, Construction and demolition.type of scaffolding 1.Single scaffolding.2.Double Scaffold,3.Cantilever Scaffold.4.Suspended Scaffold, 5.Trestle Scaffold, 6.Steel Scaffold. Hazards of scaffolding:Unsecured ladder
Good Housekeeping:1. Housekeeping is important it lessens accidents and related injuries and illnesses,2.Cost saving,3.Better environmental performance, 4 Organizational improvement, 5.Housekeeping is the first & last law of safety.
Fire extinguisher: For fire need three thing 1. Source of Ignition, 2, source of fuel, 3. source of oxygen. Type of fire:1.Class A Solid fire-wood,Fabric,paper-water Extinguisher,2.Class B Liquid Fire-Oils,Paints,Kerosene-Foam Extinguisher,3.Class C Gaseous fire-LPG,CNG,Propane-Dry power Extinguisher, 4.Class d metal Fire-Titanium, Magnesium,Aluminum,5 Class E Electrical Fire-Energized electrical equipment-CO2 extinguisher,6.Class K kitchen Fire- cooking oils-Wet Chemical Extinguisher.
P & M Inspection:Crane checklist Inspection
Inspection tools and Tackes: Webbing Sling or Lifting Belt is common material handing item used in the industry.lifting belt is made from polyester or fabric material.Working load limit 1T, 2T. 3T. 4T,4T,5T, 6T, 8T, color Code Violet,Green,Yellow,Grey,Red,Brown,Blue Width(mm),25/30/50, 56/60/, 75/90, 100/120, 125/150, 150/180, 200/240 and 10T/O.range/250/300.12,15,16,18.20T/Orange/3000
Electrical Inspection:Electricity is one of the most necessary tool.Electricity is one of the most dangerous tool.Prevention is better than cure. Electrical Hazards:The following is a list of a common electrical hazards found on construction sites.1.Improper grounding,2.Exposed electrical parts, 3.Inadequate wiring,4.overhead power lines,5.Damaged insulation,6.Overhead circuits,7.Wet Condition, 8. Damaged tools and equipment.
Evaluation of legal Compliance:Unsafe Acts:1.operating speed, 2. using equipment improperly,3.Using defective equipment,4. Making Safety device inoperable,5.Failure to wear PPE,6.Taking an improper working position,7.Use of alcoholic beverage,8.Use of Drugs.Unsafe Condition:1.Defective tools, 2. Congested work place, 3.Fire and Explosion hazard,4.Poor Housekeeping, 5.Excessive noise,6. poor ventilation,7.no safe work procedure, 8.Lack of safety equipment,9.Radiation exposure,10.Inadequate support and guard,11.Inadequate warming system/sign,wrong Design of work place, 13, Poor lighting,14, No safety regulations, 15, plant layout is not proper.
Power Tool Inspection:
EHS Inspection of Office Area: